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[396], Karol Wojtyła was a Cracovia football team supporter (club retired number 1 in his honour). [204] In September 2001, John Paul II went on a three-day pilgrimage to Armenia to take part in an ecumenical celebration with Karekin II in the newly consecrated St. Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral in Yerevan. [354], On November 10, 2020, the Vatican published a report which found that John Paul II learned of allegations of sexual impropriety against former cardinal Theodore McCarrick, who at time was serving as Archbishop of Newark, through a 1999 letter from Cardinal John O'Connor warning him that appointing McCarrick to be Archbishop of Washington D.C., a position which had recently been opened, would be a mistake. [55] Wojtyła and the Polish bishops contributed a draft text to the Council for Gaudium et spes. "[223], With Judaism, therefore, we have a relationship which we do not have with any other religion. [130] John Paul II's other attempts to reduce the sentence of death-row inmates were unsuccessful. Wojtyła returned to Poland in the summer of 1948 for his first pastoral assignment in the village of Niegowić, 24 kilometres (15 miles) from Kraków, at the Church of the Assumption. He consistently attracted large crowds, some among the largest ever assembled in human history, such as the Manila World Youth Day, which gathered up to four million people, the largest Papal gathering ever, according to the Vatican. [79][254] Before becoming pope he had been a prominent editor and supporter of initiatives such as the Letter of Reconciliation of the Polish Bishops to the German Bishops from 1965. Il Papa polacco che torna nella sua terra e lì è capace di radunare milioni di persone che si ritrovano come se vivessero già in una società libera. console.log('FB revoked'); He upheld the Church's teachings on such matters as the right to life, artificial contraception, the ordination of women, and a celibate clergy, and although he supported the reforms of the Second Vatican Council, he was seen as generally conservative in their interpretation. In una forma che però sottolinea anche le ambiguità. L’esempio della sua preghiera mi ha sempre colpito ed edificato: egli si immergeva nell’incontro con Dio, pur in mezzo alle molteplici incombenze del suo ministero. The two Church leaders signed a declaration remembering the victims of the Armenian genocide. [48] In April 2005, shortly after John Paul II's death, the Israeli government created a commission to honour the legacy of John Paul II. In 1983, John Paul II visited Guatemala and unsuccessfully asked the country's president, Efraín Ríos Montt, to reduce the sentence for six left-wing guerrillas sentenced to death. Drawing on many different sources (such as Thomism), he described the mutually supporting relationship between faith and reason, and emphasised that theologians should focus on that relationship. E poi la sua testimonianza nella sofferenza: il Signore lo ha spogliato pian piano di tutto, ma egli è rimasto sempre una ‘roccia’, come Cristo lo ha voluto. [329][330] The next stage was for Cardinals who compose the membership of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints to give their opinion to Pope Francis to decide whether to sign and promulgate the decree and set a date for canonisation. [131], In 2002, John Paul II again travelled to Guatemala. Ambrosiano also provided funds for political parties in Italy, and for both the Somoza dictatorship in Nicaragua and its Sandinista opposition. [113], On later trips to Poland, he gave tacit support to the Solidarity organisation. A discussion of the crucial work of Ratzinger (later pope) to attempt reconciliation between Lefebvre and the Holy See, Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, List of pastoral visits of Pope John Paul II outside Italy, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Social and political stances of Pope John Paul II, Apostolic Pro-Nuncio to the United States, Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Matrimonial nullity trial reforms of Pope Francis, Ordinariate for Eastern Catholic faithful, Ranking of liturgical days in the Roman Rite, Note on the importance of the internal forum and the inviolability of the Sacramental Seal, Matrimonial Nullity Trial Reforms of Pope Francis, Formal act of defection from the Catholic Church, List of excommunicable offences in the Catholic Church, List of people excommunicated by the Catholic Church, Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, Beatification and canonization process in 1914, Canonical erection of a house of religious, Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, Our Lady of the Atonement Catholic Church, Pope John Paul II's relations with the Eastern Orthodox Church, Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, Relations between Catholicism and Judaism, Papal Concert to Commemorate the Holocaust, Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, United States Central Intelligence Agency, Letter of Reconciliation of the Polish Bishops to the German Bishops, Prayer for Forgiveness of the Sins of the Church, Pope John Paul II High School (Tennessee), John Paul the Great Catholic High School (Indiana), John Paul II Catholic Secondary School (London, Ontario, Canada), Saint John Paul the Great Catholic High School (Virginia), Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, St. John Paul II High School (Hyannis, MA), St. John Paul II Catholic High School (Alabama), St. John Paul II Seminary (Washington, DC), Canonization of Pope John XXIII and Pope John Paul II, sexual misconduct by its leader Marcial Maciel, Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, List of places named after Pope John Paul II, List of pastoral visits of Pope John Paul II, Museum of John Paul II and Primate Wyszynski, "St. John Paul II, the patron saint of families", "John Paul II proclaimed the patron saint of Świdnica", "Trecastelli celebra il suo patron ricordando Giovanni Paolo II", "Il santo patrono del nuovo commune è Giovanni Paolo II",, "John Paul the Great Catholic University", BEATIFICATIONS BY POPE JOHN PAUL II, 1979–2000, "Pope John Paul II (St. Karol Józef Wojtyła)", "Report: Pope Francis Says John Paul II to Be Canonized April 27", "Feast days of Sts. Moreira Neves, Lucas Cardinal. Wojtyła asked his younger companions to call him "Wujek" (Polish for "Uncle") to prevent outsiders from deducing he was a priest. fbq('consent', 'revoke'); Baziak was the principal consecrator. In the book, as quoted by Reuters, he wrote: "It is legitimate and necessary to ask oneself if this is not perhaps part of a new ideology of evil, more subtle and hidden, perhaps, intent upon exploiting human rights themselves against man and against the family. Eleven dissident theologians, including Jesuit professor José María Castillo and Italian theologian Giovanni Franzoni, said that his stance against contraception and the ordination of women as well as the Church scandals during his pontificate presented "facts which according to their consciences and convictions should be an obstacle to beatification". Gorbachev once said "The collapse of the Iron Curtain would have been impossible without John Paul II. "[123] In 2000, he publicly endorsed the Jubilee 2000 campaign on African debt relief fronted by Irish rock stars Bob Geldof and Bono, once famously interrupting a U2 recording session by telephoning the studio and asking to speak to Bono.[124]. [282], John Paul's successor, Benedict XVI, has not used the term directly in public speeches, but has made oblique references to "the great Pope John Paul II" in his first address from the loggia of St. Peter's Basilica, at the 20th World Youth Day in Germany 2005 when he said in Polish: "As the great Pope John Paul II would say: Keep the flame of faith alive in your lives and your people";[290] and in May 2006 during a visit to Poland where he repeatedly made references to "the great John Paul" and "my great predecessor". (frei erfunden). L'ultima GMG presieduta da papa Wojtyla fu quella svoltasi a Toronto nel 2002. [390][391], Privately to a number of Catholic confidantes Pope John Paul II confided on how he felt about Medjugorje. It has been widely alleged that the Vatican Bank provided money for Solidarity in Poland. [278] An estimated four million mourners gathered in and around Vatican City. Noi siamo orgogliosi di poter offrire gratuitamente a tutti i cittadini centinaia di nuovi contenuti ogni giorno. [83] According to the BBC the library had initially kept the letters from public view, partly because of John Paul's path to sainthood, but a library official announced in February 2016 the letters would be made public. As pope, John Paul II wrote 14 papal encyclicals and taught about sexuality in what is referred as the "Theology of the Body". svolgiamo un servizio pubblico. For instance, he hugged and kissed Carmen Gloria Quintana, a young student who had been nearly burned to death by Chilean police and told her that "We must pray for peace and justice in Chile. Bishop Carlos Camus, one of the harshest critics of Pinochet's dictatorship within the Chilean Church, praised John Paul II's stance during the papal visit: "I am quite moved, because our pastor supports us totally. He began with an enormous advantage, and exploited it to the utmost: He headed the one institution that stood for the polar opposite of the Communist way of life that the Polish people hated. "[151] In 1995, the Mafia bombed two historical churches in Rome. Solo per gli abbonati. Adesso sono questioni che tornano con prepotenza. [87] Wojtyła won on the eighth ballot on the third day (16 October)—coincidentally the day that the American evangelical preacher Billy Graham had just concluded a 10-day pilgrimage to Poland—with, according to the Italian press, 99 votes from the 111 participating electors. By the time of his death, he had named most of the College of Cardinals, consecrated or co-consecrated many of the world's bishops, and ordained many priests. Questa è la sfida fondamentale. }(window, document, 'script', '//'); He was then summoned to Warsaw to meet the Primate of Poland, The signing was a fruit of a theological dialogue that had been going on between the LWF and the Vatican since 1965. When he became pope in 1978 at the age of 58, John Paul II was an avid sportsman. Resta l’esigenza che la Chiesa sappia legarsi a culture nuove, ad identità nuove a nuove sensibilità, diverse da quelle tradizionali: una “frontiera” che si delinea di per sé anche per il fatto che il cattolicesimo oggi si espande ed ha il suo centro di insediamento nei continenti extraeuropei.

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